The colouring of your skin is its pigmentation, which is determined by the amount of Melanin that your skin cells naturally produce. When a skin pigmentation issue arises, it is usually caused by disruption to the steady production of the pigment Melanin. Skin discolouration can appear as darker patches (Hyperpigmentation) or lighter patches (Hypopigmentation), each with different causes.
Areas of Hyperpigmentation often appear where the skin is most exposed, such as the face, hands, shoulders and chest, and sun exposure is the probable cause. Age spots, also known as sun spots, and melasma are common types of Hyperpigmentation, where small darkened patches of skin have developed. This kind of pigmentation disorder occurs when too much Melanin is produced. UV rays can trigger the overproduction of Melanin when the skin is exposed, which builds up over time and accumulates in an isolated area - hence the alternative terms. Changes in hormone levels and scarring can also contribute to the development of this condition.
Hypopigmentation has the opposite effect and causes the skin to go lighter. The production of Melanin in this instance decreases and can appear as small patches, or more widespread areas anywhere on the face or body. Hypopigmentation is more likely to be caused by genetics, medical conditions or skin injury (such as burns). Before treatment can be considered for this type of pigmentation, it is important to understand its cause.
Treatments including: Profhilo bio remodelling, Tixel, Dermalux LED phototherapy and IPL rejuvenation are effective solutions for creating a more even skin tone and reducing the appearance of pigmentation disorders. A bespoke facial and recommended advanced skin product can help to restore the health of the skin and keep it in good condition. When visiting Light Touch Clinic an expert aesthetician can assess your concerns and recommend the right treatment for an improved appearance.