Dark circles can appear as purple, brown or grey shadow like colouring under the lower lid of the eye. Lack of sleep is a common association with this condition and, whilst it is true that tiredness can contribute, there are a range of other factors that may also result in the development of this concern.
As part of the ageing process, the skin in the area beneath the eyes can become thin, as well as a loss of fatty tissue. This can cause the blood vessels beneath the skin to become more visible, giving the darkened effect. Ageing can also cause hollows to develop under the lower lid (known as tear troughs), or eye bags, casting a shadow. People who naturally possess a darker skin tone can also find that their genetics mean they are more prone to dark circles. If dark circles are due to pigmentation issues, sun exposure can make them more prominent. This occurs because UV rays can trigger the production and overproduction of Melanin (the skin’s pigment).
Dark circles can also be a side effect of certain medical conditions such as: thyroid conditions, anaemia, dermatitis, hay fever and other allergies.
In some cases, dark circles can see an improvement when changes in lifestyle are also addressed. This may be to ensure a restful night’s sleep, stopping smoking, eating a healthier diet, keeping well hydrated and treating any medical conditions and allergies. However, at Light Touch Clinic the quality of the skin can be improved through the application of LED phototherapy, facials and IPL for reducing the effects the ageing skin has had on the appearance of dark circles. If loss of volume is causing shadows, dermal fillers may be the solution to help increase hydration to the area, whilst plumping and tightening the skin to give a less hollow appearance and eliminating shadowing.